This anthropological report informs on the following themes: - HIV/AIDS activities of local stakeholders (district administration, NGOs, communities, support groups) and assess their ability for decentralizing / taking over some parts of MSF’s activities (as information sharing, drug & condom distribution, tracing and peer counselling) - the role of the IEC team and report their challenges as well as their potential for enhancing its health promotion activities. - reasons for low participation of men in the project and investigate on the male gender role / life situation of men in Chiradzulu society. - the situation on male circumcision and the level of knowledge with regards to prevention of HIV infection; assist in the development of a