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This study analyses the composition of armed groups and their relationship to the local populations by taking processes of migration, marginalisation and state into consideration. Also, it elaborates on the multi-layered conflicts in the region, the changes related to the crisis, the influx of IDPs as well as the growing importance of religious identity.

by Paul Grohma

This report provides an analysis of the perception of antibiotics and antibiotic use in a district hospital in Kabul. The major findings will help to answer the following questions: how do patients, caretakers, doctors and pharmacists perceive antibiotics and antibiotic use? What do they know about medication in general and antibiotics specifically? For which illnesses do they take them and how do they use them? How do they recognise access to health care? Why do they come to Ahmad Shah Baba hospital?

Doris Burtscher and Rafael van den Bergh

The MSF heavy metal poisoning project in Zamfara state has faced persistent challenges specifically in Abare village. The main research question was if there are ´specific cultural reasons for the (…) challenges in Abare, and if yes, (how) can we address them in the coming year, in order to achieve better results (discharge from program as per protocol) for the children in the program?” 3 The three problems the anthropologist was asked to focus on: - Why do patients ´default´?

by Annemieke Bont

Anthropological study of community-based perception of TB and DR-TB, Kara Suu, Osh, Kyrgyzstan

Doris Burtscher